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Martin Luther King, Jr. - Threats/attacks against

To Dwight D. Eisenhower

Two days after Montgomery minister and MIA executive board member Robert Graetz's home was bombed, King and other Montgomery black leaders initiated correspondence with the president, urging him to order an investigation of violence by white supremacists acting with the complicity of local public officials. Presidential assistant Maxwell M. Rabb acknowledged their letter on 25 October 1956; Department of Justice officials responded on 7 September.1

"Walk for Freedom"

King’s statement for Fellowship, the journal of the Fellowship of Reconciliation, is based on a half-hour interview recorded by Glenn Smiley on 28 February. In the article King recounts the bombing of his home on 30 January and his speech to the throng outside. Fearing that “violence was a possibility,” he urged the crowd to “manifest love” and to “carry on the struggle with the same dignity and with the same discipline that we had started out with.” A photograph of King speaking to the crowd that night graced the cover of the magazine.

From Samuel D. Proctor

Proctor, who received graduate degrees from Crozer Seminary and Boston University, became president of Virginia Union University in 1955. Proctor had considered appointing King to replace him as dean of the university’s school of religion but apparently changed his mind after talking with King’s friend and advisor, Morehouse president Benjamin Mays.

Rev. M. L. King, Jr.
193 Boulevard, N.E.
Atlanta, Georgia

Dear Rev. King:

From Frank L. Stanley

Stanley, editor of the Louisville Defender and general president of Alpha Phi Alpha, pledges the support of the oldest African-American college fraternity, which King had joined in 1952 at Boston University.1 King’s response to this letter has not been located, but the notation “answered” appears on it.

Reverend M. L. King
309 South Jackson
Montgomery, Alabama

Dear Brother King:

Address to MIA Mass Meeting at Holt Street Baptist Church

On 13 November Judge Eugene Carter granted the city's request for a temporary injunction halting the car pool. In a dramatic turn of events, however, a brief recess during the all-day hearing turned into an informal celebration when a reporter informed King that the Supreme Court had affirmed Browder v. Gayle. Later that evening, while forty carloads of Klan members rode through black neighborhoods, the MIA executive committee recommended that the boycott continue until the Supreme Court decision took effect.


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