Martin Luther King, Jr. - Travels
Williams, the president of Pilgrim Health and Life Insurance Company, asks King to speak at a program in Montgomery on 1 January 1956 commemorating the Emancipation Proclamation.
Dr. M. L. King, Jr.,
309 So. Jackson St.,
Dear Dr. King:
Key, chair of the deacon board of First Baptist Church in Chattanooga and principal of Orchard Knob School, confirms King’s preaching engagement.
Rev. M. L. King Jr.
193 Bauboard N.E.
Dear Rev. King:
We are extremely glad you could accept the invitation to preach for us January 17, 1954.
In November Bowles asked to meet with King and Coretta Scott King while they were in New York for an 11 December United Negro College Fund—sponsored symposium entitled “The Negro Southerner Speaks.” 1 Bowles wrote that she and her husband, U.S.
In the spring of 1956 Clark had been fired as a public school teacher in Columbia, South Carolina, when she refused to resign from the NAACP, as required by a new state law prohibiting public employees from belonging to the organization.1 Determined to carry on her civil rights activism, she then became director of workshops at Highlander Folk School. King replied to her letter on 16 August.2
In a 12 January 1959 letter to King, Harishwar Dayal of the Indian embassy in Washington forwarded this letter from Ramachandran, the secretary of the Gandhi Smarak Nidhi (Gandhi National Memorial Fund).1 The Nidhi and the American Friends Service Committee co-sponsored the Kings’ 1959 visit to India.
Dr. Martin Luther King,
Dear Dr. King,
On 13 March, SCLC advisory board member and Michigan congressman Diggs sent King a telegram from his Washington office expressing disappointment at the low rate of African-American voter registration in the South.1 "Even in Montgomery," he noted, "Negro voter applicants have dropped below normal." He continued, "rallies and speeches are fine for inspirational purposes but a successful registration campaign demands skillful follow up in the field."
Upon returning from a meeting in New York about southern civil rights efforts, Boston University theology professor and civil rights advocate Allan Knight Chalmers relayed to King that “several of your close friends” expressed concern that the “constant pressure. . . .
In this report to Johnson, an American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) colleague in Philadephia, Bristol, who served as King’s travel guide in India, suggests that the political and educational goals of King’s visit to India were compromised by his traveling party’s “fanatical interest in snapshots” and press coverage: “One of the motives clearly appeared to be to build up King as a world figure, and to have this build-up recorded in the US.”1 Despite a divergence of goals and poor communicat
Upon returning from Ghana, King used several occasions to share his experiences with friends and supporters in Montgomery.1 In his first sermon following his return, King draws upon Exodus to frame his impressions of Ghana's battle against colonialism. He elaborates on the spiritual and political significance of the new nation’s independence movement: “Ghana has something to say to us. It says to us first, that the oppressor never voluntarily gives freedom to the oppressed.
On 2 March the Kings left for the Gold Coast, stopping in New York City where they joined Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., A. Philip Randolph, and Ralph Bunche before continuing to Accra by way of Lisbon, Dakar, and Monrovia. At a 5 March reception in Accra, King and Vice President Nixon met for the first time.