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Nonviolence

To G. Ramachandran

King thanks the secretary of the Gandhi Smarak Nidhi for his hospitality in India and commends his “concise, and profound interpretations” of Gandhi, which "left an indelible imprint” on his thinking. After Ramachandran extended the initial invitation to King, the Nidhi co-sponsored the visit and assisted with the coordination of Kings itinerary.1

Mr. G. Ramachandran
Gandhi Smarak Nidhi
Rajghat
New Delhi, INDIA

To Johnnie H. Goodson

King urges Jacksonville, Florida, NAACP president Johnnie H. Goodson to “adhere strictly to non violence” two days after violence erupted between local civil rights demonstrators and segregationists.1 In Goodson’s 2 September reply, he denounced violence as a means to achieve justice but affirmed “the right of individual and collective self-defense against unlawful assaults.”

From Reinhold Niebuhr

Shortly after the September 1958 publication of Stride Toward Freedom, King inscribed a copy for theologian Reinhold Niebuhr: "In appreciation for your genuine good-will, your great prophetic vision, your creative contribution to the world of ideas, and your unswerving devotion to the ideals of freedom and justice." 1 In Stride King wrote that Niebuhr's work had greatly influenced his own theology, though he disagreed with Niebuhr's critique of pacifism.

From Alfred Hassler

In an 18 July letter to King, William Miller of the Fellowship of Reconciliation expressed his hope that King might overcome his reservations about pacifism and join FOR.1 At the MIA's Third Annual Institute on Non-Violence, held during the first week of December, King indicated to FOR field secretary Glenn Smiley that he wished to become a member.2 Hassler, the organization's executive secretary, acknowledges King's decision.

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