The Papers of Martin Luther King, Jr. Volume IV
With the Montgomery bus boycott at an end, King confronts the sudden demands of celebrity while trying to identify the next steps in the burgeoning struggle for equality.
Anxious to duplicate the success of the boycott, he spends much of 1957 and 1958 establishing the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. But advancing the movement in the face of dogged resistance proves disheartening for the young minister, and he finds that it is easier to inspire supporters with his potent oratory than to organize a mass movement for social change. Yet King remains committed: "The vast possibilities of a nonviolent, non-cooperative approach to the solution of the race problem are still challenging indeed. I would like to remain a part of the unfolding development of this approach for a few more years."
King’s budding international prestige is affirmed in March 1957 when he attends the independence ceremonies in Ghana, West Africa. Two months later his first national address, at the "Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom,” is widely praised, and in June 1958, King's increasing prominence is recognized with a long-overdue White House meeting. During this period King also cultivates alliances with the labor and pacifist movements, and international anticolonial organizations. As Volume IV closes King is enjoying the acclaim that greeted his first book, Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story, only to suffer a near-fatal stabbing in New York City.
|At noon King delivers “Facing the Challenge of a New Age,” at Big Bethel AME Church in Atlanta for the local NAACP. In the evening he speaks at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham.
|The Montgomery City Commission decides to hire extra police and extend a 5 P.M. curfew for one week to prevent further violence against newly integrated buses. King and other Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) leaders meet with bus company officials to discuss the situation.
|After anonymous handbills discrediting him appear in Montgomery’s black community, King dismisses the circulars as a futile attempt to undermine the movement.
|King preaches “Great Expectations” at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church.
|At Atlanta University King addresses southern black leaders during a conference organized by the Fellowship of Reconciliation.
|In the early morning, four black churches and the parsonages of MIA leaders Robert Graetz and Ralph Abernathy are bombed in Montgomery. The Montgomery City Commission halts all bus service in the wake of the morning’s violence. King and Abernathy, in Atlanta for the Southern Negro Leaders Conference on Transportation and Nonviolent Integration at Ebenezer Baptist Church, are forced to return home and miss the opening session. In the afternoon King meets with FBI agents in Montgomery and requests that they investigate the bombings.
|While King is still in Montgomery, black leaders in Atlanta name him chairman of the Southern Negro Leaders Conference on Transportation and Nonviolent Integration. King later returns to the conference where he and other leaders issue telegrams to President Dwight Eisenhower and other government officials, urging their support in ending southern segregation.
|King preaches at Dexter and later addresses an overflow crowd at First Baptist Church in Nashville.
|King reportedly collapses while speaking during an MIA meeting at Bethel Baptist Church.
|At a Montgomery press conference, King denounces a plan by white business leaders to establish a private bus line and downplays reports of his collapse the previous evening.
|King preaches “Paul’s Letter to the American Christians” at Ebenezer while his father preaches at Dexter.
|King delivers “Paul’s Letter to the American Christians” at the twenty-fifth-anniversary program of the Minnesota State Pastors Conference in St. Paul. Following the speech, he departs for a National Baptist Convention meeting in Hot Springs, Arkansas.
|After a Montgomery police officer finds twelve unexploded sticks of dynamite on the porch of King’s home, King calms a gathering crowd by calling for nonviolence. Later in the morning at Dexter’s Sunday service, King reveals to the congregation his vision of one year earlier in which a divine voice told him to lead the bus struggle without fear.
|King addresses an MIA meeting at Mt. Zion AME Zion Church.
|In the New Orleans Coliseum Arena, King speaks at a rally sponsored by the United Clubs.
|During an MIA meeting at St. John’s AME Church, King urges the audience to forgive the seven white men charged with acts of violence against integrated buses and boycott leaders.
|King’s article, “Nonviolence and Racial Justice,” appears in Christian Century.
|At noon King recounts “The Montgomery Story” to students in Finney Chapel at Oberlin College. In the afternoon he delivers “Justice Without Violence” at Oberlin’s First Church and later participates in a panel discussion, “The New Negro in the New South.”
|In New York City King records an appearance for the NBC television program “The Open Mind.” The program is broadcast two days later.
|From pulpits across the nation, pastors read King’s “For All-A Non-Segregated Society,” a message he wrote for Race Relations Sunday sponsored by the National Council of Churches.
|In observance of the forty-eighth anniversary of the NAACP, the NBC radio network broadcasts a desegregation progress report featuring pre-recorded messages from King, NAACP Executive Secretary Roy Wilkins, and Los Angeles civil rights attorney Loren Miller.
|King tape-records a prayer to be broadcast at the 7 February Brotherhood Sunday Service at First Presbyterian Church in Hoboken, New Jersey. King is in attendance as the Southern Negro Leaders Conference on Transportation and Nonviolent Integration open their second meeting at New Zion Baptist Church in New Orleans.
|On the second day of their conference, the Southern Negro Leaders Conference on Transportation and Nonviolent Integration shorten their name to Southern Leaders Conference and elect King president of the organization. After the conference King tells the press of the group’s plans to march to Washington, should Eisenhower fail to speak against segregation.
|At the Lansing Civic Center in Michigan, King speaks on behalf of Union Baptist Church, where his uncle, Joel King, serves as pastor.
|King appears on the cover of Time magazine.
|King speaks at the Quill Club in New York City.
|During chapel at the Peddie School in Hightstown, New Jersey, King delivers “The Philosophy of Non-violence.”
|Dexter members throw a “bon voyage” party at the church for Martin and Coretta King before they leave Montgomery for their trip to Africa and Europe.
|King attends an MIA mass meeting at Maggie Street Baptist Church.
|After a half-day of finishing last-minute business at Dexter, King leaves Montgomery in the afternoon for Richmond, Virginia.
|King preaches “Remember Who You Are” as part of Virginia Union University’s annual Week of Prayer.
|King delivers “Going Forward By Going Backward” at Virginia Union.
|King completes his appearances for Virginia Union’s Week of Prayer with “Three Dimensions of a Complete Life.”
|In the afternoon the Kings leave New York’s International Airport for the Gold Coast with Adam Clayton Powell, Ralph Bunche, and A. Philip Randolph. All are to participate in the independence celebrations of the new nation of Ghana.
|On route, King’s plane stops in Lisbon, Dakar, and Monrovia, before departing for the Gold Coast at 11 P.M. In Monrovia King is met at the airport by Romeo Houghton, president of the Bank of Liberia.
|King’s flight arrives in Accra, the Gold Coast in the early morning.
|At an impromptu press conference during a ceremony at the University of Ghana, King charges the Eisenhower administration with ignoring the southern racial situation. Later, King meets Richard Nixon; the vice president agrees to a future meeting in Washington. That evening King attends the final session of the Gold Coast Legislative Assembly.
|At midnight, King joins a crowd gathered in the Accra polo grounds to witness the Union Jack being replaced by the flag of Ghana. At 9:15 A.M. King views the opening of the Parliament of Ghana. In the evening King attends a formal reception at the Christiansborg Castle.
|Anglican priest Michael Scott visits an ailing and bedridden King on the Achimota College campus where the Kings are staying while in Ghana.
|King hears Scott preach at a Sunday service in the Anglican Cathedral in Accra.
|King leaves Accra and flies to Kano.
|King arrives in Rome in the early morning and sends a cablegram to his congregation letting them know all is well.
|King leaves Rome in the afternoon and flies to Geneva.
|In the evening King flies from Geneva to Paris.
|King leaves Paris for London.
|King tours London, visiting Buckingham Palace, Parliament, and Westminster Abbey.
|King lunches with writer C. L. R. James. They spend the afternoon talking about the bus boycott, nonviolence, and social change. King leaves London in the evening.
|King arrives in New York in the morning and later meets with Wilkins and Randolph to plan for the Prayer Pilgrimage.
|Before continuing home to Montgomery, King announces to reporters in Atlanta that he expects to meet with Nixon soon to discuss racial conditions in the South.
|King preaches at chapel at Talladega College, Talladega, Alabama; in the afternoon he speaks at a forum sponsored by two fraternities. At Holt Street Baptist Church King participates
in a meeting to kick off a fundraising drive for the repair of churches damaged by the January bombings.
|King reports on his trip to Ghana at an MIA meeting at St. John’s AME Church.
|King speaks to the Philadelphia Fellowship Commission, which awards him their National Fellowship Award at a banquet at the Benjamin Franklin Hotel.
|King holds a discussion group with Boston University theology students. In the evening, King appears in a televised interview on WGBH before he delivers “Justice Without Violence” at Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts.
|In Washington, D.C., seventy-five civil rights leaders meet at Metropolitan Baptist Church to plan the Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom. Wilkins, Randolph, and King speak to the press following the meeting.
|At Dexter King preaches “The Birth of a New Nation.”
|During a meeting at Dexter, King urges the MIA to organize for voting rights and registration.
|At the Kiel Auditorium in St. Louis, King offers “A Realistic Look at the Question of Progress in the Area of Race Relations.”
|A group of St. Louis religious and community leaders meet with King for breakfast at the home of minister T. E. Huntley. King flies to Kansas City where he is interviewed by local reporters at the Pickwick Hotel. At St. Stephen Baptist Church King delivers “Progress in the Area of Race Relations” at an NAACP fund raiser. Following the speech King meets with a group of local ministers at the church.
|King preaches “The Garden of Gethsemane” at Dexter.
|King offers opening remarks at a MIA meeting at Metropolitan Methodist Episcopal Church.
|The Kings share slides and stories from their travels in Africa and Europe at a program at Dexter sponsored by the Young Matrons Circle.
|King delivers “A Realistic Look at the Question of Progress in the Area of Race Relations” at Metropolitan Baptist Church in Memphis in an event sponsored by three black fraternities.
|King preaches “Questions That Easter Answers” at Dexter.
|King flies to New York City to publicize the Prayer Pilgrimage and confer with co-chairmen Wilkins and Randolph.
|In the morning King holds a press conference at the Sheraton Astor Hotel. At a luncheon in the hotel ballroom, King receives the 1957 Social Justice Award from the Religion and Labor Foundation. After accepting the award King delivers “This Is a Great Time to Be Alive."
|As the closing speaker at the Conference on Christian Faith and Human Relations in Nashville, King speaks on “The Role of the Church in Facing the Nation’s Chief Moral Dilemma” at University Center. In the afternoon King speaks at the Fisk Memorial Chapel to open the University Festival of Music and Art.
|The Kings celebrate Coretta King’s birthday at the residence of Dexter member Richmond Smiley.
|King preaches “The Rewards of Worship” at Dexter. In the evening he attends the piano recital of Altona Johns in the church sanctuary.
|During three New York City appearances King rallies support for the Prayer Pilgrimage. At Abyssinian Baptist Church in Harlem, King speaks at a luncheon of white and black clergy. During the Sabbath Eve service at Stephen Wise Free Synagogue, King delivers “The Future of Integration.” King finishes the day speaking to a crowd in front of the Hotel Theresa. At Camp Belser in Alabama a group of fifty white ministers, gathered to discuss Christianity and race relations, listen to a tape-recorded message from King.
|Approximately two hundred and fifty black Montgomery residents attempt to register at the Board of Registrars office. King later delivers opening remarks at an MIA meeting on voter registration at Mt. Zion AME Zion Church.
|King speaks at a meeting of the Montgomery Council on Human Relations held at Trinity Lutheran Church.
|King addresses an MIA meeting at Lily Baptist Church.
|Following a sunrise service at First Baptist Church, two hundred Montgomery African Americans depart for Washington, D.C., to take part in the Prayer Pilgrimage. At 9 A.M. King leaves Montgomery, flying first to Atlanta and then on to Washington.
|The District Commissioner of Washington presents King, Wilkins, and Randolph with the key to the Capital. At the Prayer Pilgrimage, King delivers “Give Us the Ballot” at the Lincoln Memorial.
|King preaches at Philadelphia’s Zion Baptist Church.
|During a morning ceremony at the Sheraton Hotel in Philadelphia, the National Conference on Social Welfare honors King for his contribution to human rights. At Enon Baptist Church in Baltimore, King addresses the United Baptist Missionary Convention of Maryland.
|In New York City King receives the “Better Race Relations Award” from the Hotel and Club Employees Local 6 at its headquarters.
|At Bethesda Baptist Church in New Rochelle, New York, King delivers “Facing the Challenge of a New Age” to kick off a membership drive for the local branch of the NAACP.
|At Engle Street Junior High School in Englewood, New Jersey, King speaks to the local Urban League.
|At the end of the first day of the Montgomery church bombing trial, King urges a crowd at Hall Street Baptist Church to “keep faith” regardless of the court’s decision. King also participates in a ceremony celebrating the forty-eighth anniversary of Holt Street Baptist Church.
|King testifies at the Montgomery church bombing trial.
|King speaks at Bethel AME Church in Tallahassee, Florida, at a conference celebrating the anniversary of the Inter-Civic Council.
|In the evening King meets with members of the Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity at the Kentucky home of Louisville Defender publisher Frank L. Stanley.
|King attends services at Zion Baptist Church in Louisville before leaving for Frankfort, where he delivers “Facing the Challenge of a New Age” at the graduation ceremony of Kentucky State College.
|King holds a press conference in Philadelphia before speaking to the Council on Christian Social Progress at a dinner banquet. He later delivers “Paul’s Letter to the American Christians” to the delegates of the Council’s parent body, the American Baptist Convention.
|King is awarded an honorary degree during commencement exercises at Morehouse College.
|In Atlanta King participates in a committee meeting to consider the ordination of his brother, A. D.; the group unanimously approves the ordination.
|King receives an honorary degree from the Chicago Theological Seminary.
|King receives an honorary degree from Howard University.
|King presides at the ordination service of four deacons at Dexter.
|Following a two-hour meeting with Richard Nixon in Washington, King tells the press at the Raleigh Hotel that the vice president promised to hold a conference of the President’s Committee on Government Contracts in the South.
|At the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City, the Utility Club honors King as “Man of the Year.”
|King arrives in Dallas for the National Sunday School and Baptist Training Union (BTU) Congress.
|At the Dallas Memorial Auditorium, King delivers “Facing the Challenge of a New Age” for the National Sunday School and BTU Congress’s Booker T. Washington Night.
|King is met at the San Francisco International Airport by a ten-car police motorcade to escort him to the Shattuck Hotel in Berkeley.
|King meets with the San Francisco Bay Area Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity for breakfast and discussion. In the afternoon King delivers “A Realistic Look at the Question of Progress in the Area of Race Relations” at the Oakland Auditorium Arena.
|At noon King delivers “Techniques of Persuasion in the Montgomery Bus Boycott” to students at the University of California at Berkeley. He follows his talk with a question and answer session over lunch sponsored by the University YMCA. In the evening King speaks at Evergreen Baptist Church in Oakland.
|King speaks at a “Fight for Freedom” celebration at the Russ Auditorium in San Diego.
|At Detroit’s Henry Ford Auditorium, King receives the NAACP’s Spingarn Medal.
|At Washington Chapel AME Church in Tuskegee, King addresses a rally to support the African-American community’s boycott of white merchants.
|In Montgomery King and Abernathy meet with MIA treasurer E. D. Nixon to resolve Nixon’s grievances with the organization.
|King preaches “Overcoming an Inferiority Complex” at Dexter, the first of a series of sermons on “Problems of Personality Integration."
|King delivers the opening prayer during the Reverend Billy Graham’s evangelistic crusade at Madison Square Garden in New York City.
|King preaches “The Mastery of Fear” at Dexter. At First Baptist Church in Montgomery, King preaches “Going Forward by Going Backward” during an afternoon Women’s Day program.
|King speaks at the 110th anniversary of Quinn Chapel AME Church in Chicago.
|King speaks to black and white youth attending the “Encampment for Citizenship” in New York City.
|At Community Church in New York City, King and Ambrose Reeves, the Anglican Bishop of Johannesburg, South Africa, discuss their countries’ liberation movements.
|King speaks during two morning services at New York’s Cornerstone Baptist Church.
|King speaks at Atlantic City High School in New Jersey at a “Crusade for Freedom” rally.
|King attends the third-anniversary celebration of Dexter’s June Club at the home of church member Edgar E. Evans.
|King preaches “Factors that Determine Character” at Dexter. King tells the press he is considering whether to intervene in a case challenging segregation of the Montgomery zoo.
|King presents gifts to Rosa Parks at an MIA tribute in her honor at Mt. Zion AME Zion Church.
|King speaks to the delegates of the Beauty Culturists League at their convention in New Orleans. King also receives the organization’s Civil Rights Award.
|King and other members of the executive board of the Southern Leaders Conference meet at Dexter to plan the following day’s convention agenda.
|The third meeting of the Southern Leaders Conference is held at Holt Street Baptist Church in Montgomery. The organization’s name is changed to the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), and King announces the launching of a “Crusade for Citizenship,” a massive voter registration drive in the South. A mass meeting at Holt Street ends the two-day session.
|King preaches "Conquering Self-centeredness” at Dexter to close his sermon series on “Problems of Personality Integration.”
|King delivers “Propagandizing Christianity” at the American Baptist Assembly Missions Conference in Green Lake, Wisconsin.
|King speaks to the NAACP Milwaukee Branch at Grand Avenue Congregational Church.
|King meets with United Auto Workers president Walter Reuther in his Detroit office.
|At Central Methodist Church in Detroit, King delivers “Paul’s Letter to the American Christians.”
|On the UAW “Shiftbreak” radio program, King voices his qualified approval of the Senate version of the civil rights bill.
|At Old Ship AME Zion Church in Montgomery, King speaks as part of the church’s Men’s Day program.
|In Monteagle, Tennessee, King delivers “A Look to the Future” at Highlander Folk School’s twenty-fifth-anniversary program.
|King addresses the Laymen’s Movement of the National Baptist Convention in Louisville, Kentucky.
|King preaches at Zion Baptist Church in Louisville.
|In Montgomery, the Kings lunch with writer John Oliver Killens, director Jeffrey Hayden, and pastor Robert Graetz to discuss plans for a movie based on the Montgomery story.
|King attends the MIA executive board meeting.
|King delivers “A Realistic Look at Progress in the Area of Race Relations” at Steward Chapel AME Church in Macon, Georgia.
|At Liberty Baptist Church in Atlanta, King preaches “Our God Is Able” for the Annual Men’s Day program.
|King delivers “The Future of Integration” at the United Packinghouse Workers of America convention in Chicago.
|At Orchestra Hall in Chicago, King is among the speakers at a program entitled “The Negro Southerner Speaks,” sponsored by the United Negro College Fund.
|King presides at the morning service at Dexter.
|King meets with Randolph and Wilkins in New York. They agree that NAACP and SCLC fundraising and voter registration efforts should not compete for funds or duplicate services.
|King attends an SCLC executive board meeting at Ebenezer.
|King presides at the annual business meeting of Dexter. During his presentation of the annual report, King is informed that his wife has given birth to a son, Martin Luther King III.
|King preaches “The Things That Are God’s’’ at Dexter. Following services King is interviewed at the church for the NBC television program “Look Here.” An act of sabotage against the local television station’s broadcast tower prevents the program from being seen in southern Alabama.
|At First Baptist Church in Fairmont, North Carolina, King delivers the main address at the General Baptist State Convention.
|King meets with SCLC executive board members at Mt. Olive CME Cathedral in Memphis.
|King addresses a rally at Mt. Olive following a one-day SCLC meeting.
|King attends an MIA executive board meeting.
|At Sale Hall, Morehouse College, King speaks at a leadership training school sponsored by the Atlanta District Sunday School and BTU Congress.
|King delivers “A Look to the Future” at the annual convention of the National Council of Negro Women in Washington, D.C.
|At Howard University’s Andrew Rankin Memorial Chapel in Washington, D.C., King delivers “Love Your Enemies” during the convocation of the School of Religion.
|King speaks on behalf of the Jamaica, New York, branch of the NAACP at Lost Battalion Hall in Queens.
|In Atlanta, King addresses a southern regional conference of the NAACP on voter registration.
|King preaches “Loving Your Enemies” at Dexter.
|King speaks at Roosevelt University in Chicago.
|King strikes a deal with Montgomery officials: he agrees to pay a $500 fine related to his participation in the bus boycott, while the circuit solicitor agrees to drop all charges against the remaining eighty-nine defendants. The solicitor also dismisses charges against the men accused of the racially motivated church and home bombings of 10 January.
|King preaches “Structure and Destiny” at Dexter.
|At Kiel Auditorium in St. Louis, King delivers “The Oneness of Man in American Intergroup Relations” during a conference of the National Council of Churches. King joins fellow conferees at a reception at the City Art Museum of St. Louis.
|In the morning King speaks during an assembly at Graham Chapel, Washington University in St. Louis. He later delivers “The Christian Way of Life in Human Relations” during the National Council of Churches conference.
|At Holt Street Baptist Church, King delivers “Some Things We Must Do” during the MIA’s Second Annual Institute on Non-Violence and Social Change.
|King participates in a seminar at Mt. Zion AME Zion Church as part of the MIA annual institute. He later introduces the evening’s main speaker.
|At First CME Church in Montgomery, King participates in a panel discussion of “Freedom and Dignity Through Civic Responsibility.”
|King preaches at Dexter. He later attends a mass meeting, which concludes the MIA institute at Old Ship AME Zion Church.
|King is re-elected to the MIA board of directors.
|King offers the opening and closing prayers at a forum on “The Role of the Church in Solving Contemporary Problems” at Dexter.
|King speaks at Dexter’s Eightieth Anniversary Banquet.
|At Dexter’s Eightieth Anniversary worship service King introduces guest preacher Mordecai Johnson.
|King attends an MIA budget committee meeting.
|King attends the SCLC administrative committee meeting at Ebenezer.
|King preaches at Dexter.
|King is honored by the Philadelphia Cotillion Society at the Convention Hall in that city.
|King preaches “God Is Able” at Bright Hope Baptist Church in Philadelphia.
|Following a testimonial dinner in his honor, King delivers “Facing the Challenge of the New Age” during the Emancipation Day celebration at First Baptist Church, Newport News, Virginia.
|At a Dexter board meeting, King discusses his need for a pastoral assistant and new office space.
|In Rochester, New York, King speaks to the City Club and delivers “Paul’s Letter to the American Christians” at Colgate Rochester Divinity School.
|At the New York City office of his agents, King meets with candidates who will provide editorial assistance in writing his book on the Montgomery protest. At the Town and Country Club of Brooklyn, New York, King addresses the Guardians Association of the New York City Police Department. On behalf of the Guardians, Governor Averell Harriman presents King with an Annual Achievement Award.
|At the NAACP national office in New York City, King presents Wilkins with a check for $1,000 for two life memberships, one for himself and one for the MIA.
|Father and son switch pulpits; King preaches “Structure and Destiny” at Ebenezer while his father preaches at Dexter. At Orchestra Hall in Chicago, King delivers “What Is Man?” for the Sunday Evening Club.
|King dines at the home of Rabbi David Polish prior to speaking on the “Desirability of Being Maladjusted” at Beth Emet The Free Synagogue in Evanston, Illinois.
|At the Veterans Memorial Building in Columbus, Ohio, King speaks at a fundraiser for the local branch of the NAACP.
|King attends a morning meeting of the President’s Committee on Government Contracts at the Willard Hotel in Washington, D.C. King later speaks on “The Montgomery, Alabama Story” at the Walnut Hills High School Auditorium on behalf of the Jewish Community Center Forum in Cincinnati.
|King meets with the members of a Dexter committee who agree to his request to hire an assistant pastor.
|During Sunday services at Dexter, the congregation unanimously approves King’s requests to hire an assistant pastor and to build new office space.
|King is re-elected MIA president at the organization’s executive board meeting. King attends a meeting of the Dexter coordinating council.
|At Ebenezer, the SCLC executive committee meets for an all-day planning session. At a press conference following the meeting, King discusses plans for the 12 February launching of the Crusade for Citizenship. The Hindustan Times publishes King’s tribute to Gandhi, “His Influence Speaks to World Conscience.”
|King presides over an executive committee meeting of the MIA.
|At Broughton High School in Raleigh, North Carolina, King delivers “Non-Violence and Racial Justice” on behalf of the United Church of Raleigh.
|King delivers “A Realistic Look at Race Relations” at Bennett College in Greensboro, North Carolina, for the local branch of the NAACP.
|King addresses a mass meeting at Miami’s Greater Bethel AME Church to launch SCLC’s Crusade for Citizenship. Twenty simultaneous mass meetings are held that day in cities throughout the South.
|The Secret Place publishes King’s “No Vengeance.”
|King preaches “Not By Bread Alone” at Dexter.
|At Mills College in Oakland, California, King delivers “A Realistic Look at Race Relations.”
|In Asilomar, California, King speaks on “Freedom Through Non-Violence” at the American Friends Service Committee’s Conference on Civil Liberties for High School Students.
|King speaks at Third Baptist Church in San Francisco. At Second Baptist Church in Los Angeles, King addresses an NAACP rally against job discrimination.
|King begins a three-day speaking engagement at California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. He delivers “A Great Time to Be Alive” at a graduate and faculty luncheon. In the evening King speaks on “Facing the Challenge of a New Age.”
|During a dinner for Caltech faculty and alumni King delivers “Progress in Race Relations.”
|King concludes his visit to Caltech.
|King preaches at Dexter. In the evening Martin Luther King III is blessed during a service at the church.
|At Oak Wood Cemetery in Montgomery, King officiates at the funeral of Mary Harris, sister of Dexter deacon T. H. Randall.
|King preaches at the Detroit Council of Churches’ Noon Lenten Services at Central Methodist Church.
|After speaking at the Highland Park Presbyterian Church in Highland Park, Michigan, King attends a reception at the Statler Hotel in Detroit.
|Following his final sermon for the Detroit Council of Churches, King speaks at Second Baptist Church in Detroit as part of the cultural committee’s “Forum Series.”
|In Detroit King meets with Congressman Charles C. Diggs, Jr. to discuss the SCLC voter registration drive. Diggs takes King on a tour of his businesses. King preaches at Trinity Baptist Church in Pontiac, Michigan.
|King preaches at Dexter.
|In observance of Negro Newspaper Week, radio stations across the country broadcast King’s pre-recorded remarks on the importance of the black press.
|King preaches “I Thirst” at Dexter.
|King preaches at St. James Presbyterian Church in New York City.
|King preaches on “The Lord God Omnipotent Reigneth” in the morning at Dexter. On the steps of the state capitol in Montgomery, King addresses the Prayer Pilgrimage protesting the electrocution of Jeremiah Reeves.
|King delivers “What Is Man?” and “The Peril of Conformity” at Shaw University in Raleigh, North Carolina. In the evening King addresses a “Summit Conference on Registration and Voting” at St. Mark AME Zion Church in Durham.
|King preaches “Is It Un-Christian to Judge Others?” at Dexter.
|King delivers “Facing the Challenge of a New Age” before a meeting of the John A. Andrew Clinical Society at the Tuskegee Institute.
|In Evanston, Illinois, King speaks on “The Crisis in Human Relations” for Northwestern University’s Mars Lecture series.
|King delivers his second Mars Lecture, “The Christian Answer.”
|King delivers “Facing the Challenge of a New Age” at the Community Church of Boston. He later accepts an award from the Massachusetts Council for Civil Rights at Boston’s Freedom House.
|At Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, King delivers “The Three Dimensions of a Complete Life” at a chapel service before speaking with a group of area ministers on “Non-violence and Racial Justice.” In the evening King dines with faculty members of Lycoming College, Williamsport, Pennsylvania. He later participates in a question-and-answer period with students.
|At a morning assembly at Lycoming, King speaks on “Facing the Challenge of a New Age.”
|The congregations of Dexter and First Baptist Church worship jointly in a “Re-Dedicatorial Worship Service.” King offers a morning prayer at the service.
|King presides at the Dexter Spring Lecture series, which features Clarence Jordan of Koinonia Farm, Americus, Georgia.
|At the SCLC office in Atlanta, King and members of the personnel committee interview John L. Tilley for the position of executive director.
|King attends a meeting of the SCLC executive board at Ebenezer.
|King preaches “The Unpardonable Sin” at Dexter.
|King preaches “The Problem of Unanswered Prayer” at Dexter.
|King addresses the biennial convention of the American Jewish Congress at the Carillon Hotel in Miami Beach.
|King attends a luncheon in his honor at St. John’s Episcopal Church in Detroit and later preaches at St. Paul’s Episcopal Cathedral as part of the “Christ, The Church, and Race” conference, sponsored by the Episcopal Diocese of Michigan.
|At Detroit’s Veterans’ Memorial Building, King delivers the keynote address for the “Christ, The Church, and Race” conference. He later speaks at Ecorse High School near Detroit.
|King, in Houston to deliver a graduation speech, attends a reception at the Erma Hughes Business College auditorium.
|King speaks at the twenty-fifth commencement of Hughes College at St. John Baptist Church in Houston.
|King preaches “Did Jesus Believe in Chance?” at Dexter.
|King delivers the commencement address at Bethune-Cookman College in Daytona Beach.
|King addresses the graduates during commencement at Agricultural, Mechanical and Normal (AM&N) College in Pine Bluff, Arkansas. King later attends the graduation ceremony of Ernest Green, Little Rock Central High School’s first black graduate.
|King attends the SCLC executive board meeting in Clarksdale, Mississippi.
|King participates in SCLC’s first full meeting of the year at Haven Methodist Church in Clarksdale; he later addresses the conference delegates at a mass meeting at First Baptist Church.
|CORE publishes “A First Step Toward School Integration” with a foreword by King.
|King preaches “Did Jesus Disapprove of Wealth?” at Dexter.
|King receives an honorary degree and is commencement speaker at Morgan State College in Baltimore.
|King delivers “Paul’s Letter to the American Christians” at the founding convention of the United Presbyterian Church, U.S.A. in Pittsburgh.
|King receives an honorary degree and addresses the graduating class at Central State College in Wilberforce, Ohio.
|In Washington King meets with Eisenhower administration officials to plan a meeting between the president and black leaders.
|King preaches “Will Christ Visibly Return to Earth?” at Dexter.
|King attends the American Baptist Convention in Cincinnati.
|King addresses the National Sunday School and BTU Congress in Omaha.
|King is elected vice president of the National Sunday School and BTU Congress.
|King preaches on “The Nature of Heaven” at Dexter. King, Wilkins, Randolph, and Lester Granger meet in Washington to prepare for their meeting with President Eisenhower.
|President Eisenhower discusses race discrimination with King and other black civil rights leaders at the White House. Following the meeting, the group answers questions from the press.
|In Chicago King delivers “The Role of the Church in the Present Racial Crisis” at First Presbyterian Church’s 125th-anniversary banquet.
|King speaks at Shiloh Baptist Church in Trenton, New Jersey.
|King delivers “Nonviolence and Racial Justice” at the Friends General Conference in Cape May, New Jersey.
|King preaches on “The Nature of Hell” at Dexter.
|King speaks on behalf of the Prince Hall Masons in Columbus, Georgia.
|King attends the SCLC administrative committee meeting at Ebenezer.
|King preaches “The Mystery of Life” at Dexter.
|King attends the annual NAACP convention in Cleveland.
|At Dexter, King officiates at the funeral of former church member William J. Cole.
|King attends the Men’s Day program at Dexter featuring Arthur D. Gray, president of Talladega College.
|The Kings vacation in Mexico City and Acapulco.
|King delivers “A Knock at Midnight” at the Alabama State Sunday School and BTU Congress at Selma University.
|King preaches “Catching the Wrong Train” at Dexter. In the evening King baptizes several new members into the church.
|King introduces the main speaker, Gandhian disciple Kaka Kalelkar, at an MIA mass meeting at Mt. Zion AME Zion Church.
|King preaches “In Life’s Storms” at Dexter.
|At Galilee Baptist Church in Shreveport, Louisiana, King speaks on behalf of a voter registration drive sponsored by the United Christian Movement.
|King preaches “The Greatest Power in the World” at Dexter.
|At Purdue University in Lafayette, Indiana, King delivers “The Dimensions of a Complete Life” and “What Is Man?” for the National Conference on Christian Education sponsored by the United Church of Christ.
|King is among forty-eight signers of a petition to the Montgomery Park and Recreation Board requesting unrestricted use of the all-white public parks.
|King preaches “Going Forward by Going Backward” at Central Methodist Church in Detroit.
|King preaches “A Knock at Midnight” at Central Baptist Church in Pittsburgh.
|King attends an MIA mass meeting and Stride Toward Freedom autographing party at First Baptist Church.
|While attempting to attend the arraignment of a man accused of assaulting Abernathy, King is arrested outside Montgomery’s Recorder’s Court and charged with loitering. He is released a short time later on $100 bond.
|King is convicted of disobeying a police order and fined $14. King chooses to spend fourteen days in jail but is soon released when Police Commissioner Clyde Sellers pays his fine. King attends a mass meeting at Bethel Baptist Church.
|King preaches “Getting Along With Other People” at Dexter.
|King departs for Chicago to participate in the annual meeting of the National Baptist Convention, U.S.A.
|At Detroit’s King Solomon Baptist Church, King addresses the delegates of the National Baptist Convention of America.
|King signs copies of Stride Toward Freedom at Lake Meadows Shopping Center in Chicago.
|King delivers “A Knock at Midnight” on behalf of the Woman’s Auxiliary of the National Baptist Convention in Chicago.
|King appears on Dave Garroway’s NBC morning television program. At Harlem’s Empire Baptist Bookstore, King autographs copies of Stride Toward Freedom on the day of the book’s official release. At St. Augustine Presbyterian Church, King speaks on behalf of the Bronx Division of the Protestant Council of Churches of New York.
|On CBS radio’s “The World Tonight,” King suggests federalizing southern schools closed to prevent integration. King addresses an SCLC fundraiser at Williams Institutional CME in Harlem.
|King is interviewed on a WEVD-New York radio program, “The Psychology Behind Anti-Integration.” Later, King is heckled by black nationalists as he speaks at a meeting outside Harlem’s Hotel Theresa to rally support for the Youth March for Integrated Schools.
|During a book signing at Blumstein’s Department Store in Harlem, King is stabbed by Izola Ware Curry. He is rushed to Harlem Hospital where a team of doctors successfully removes a seven-inch letter opener from his chest.
|Doctors at Harlem Hospital reveal that King has developed pneumonia in his lower right lung.
|King holds a press conference at Harlem Hospital.
|Ralph Abernathy delivers a message from King to an SCLC meeting in Norfolk, Virginia.
|King is released from Harlem Hospital; he begins a three-week convalescence at the Brooklyn parsonage of Sandy Ray.
|From Brooklyn, King sends words of encouragement to the MIA mass meeting.
|Just minutes after hearing King’s testimony, a grand jury indicts Curry for attempted murder.
|Upon returning home King is greeted at the airport by a crowd of supporters.
|Coretta Scott King delivers remarks prepared by her husband at the Youth March for Integrated Schools in Washington.
|King speaks at Dexter for the first time since his stabbing. His brother A. D. serves as guest preacher.
|MIA members pay tribute to King at a homecoming celebration at First Baptist Church.
|At Dexter’s annual dinner conference, King delivers the church’s annual report.
|King attends an MIA meeting to discuss the need for improved medical facilities to serve Montgomery’s black community.
|King delivers the annual address at the MIA’s Third Annual Institute on Non-Violence and Social Change at Mt. Zion AME Zion Church.
|At St. John AME Church King participates in an evening seminar, “Non-Violent Resistance,” during the MIA annual institute.
|King delivers the church anniversary sermon at Dexter and later addresses the concluding assembly of the MIA’s annual institute at First Baptist Church.
|King attends the SCLC administrative committee meeting at Ebenezer.
|Following an SCLC executive board meeting at Ebenezer, King speaks at a mass meeting at Wheat Street Baptist Church in Atlanta.
|King speaks at Cadle Tabernacle, on behalf of the Senate Avenue YMCA in Indianapolis.
|King preaches “Worship At Its Best” at Dexter.
|King preaches “Christ, Our Starting Point” at Dexter.
|King preaches at Dexter.
In this Publication
To Dwight D. Eisenhower
King, Martin Luther, Jr. (Southern Christian Leadership Conference)
October 13, 1958